Rheumatoid Arthritis

37, Female Dec 2022 - developed covid Jan 2023 - widespread joint pains Reported significant joint stiffness throughout the day. Bloods Feb 2023 CRP: 17 (0 - 5). Also raised WBC: 12.4 x 10^9/L (3.7 - 11). Neutrophils: 9.3 x 10^9/L (1.7 - 7.5) Repeated 2 weeks later CRP: 5.7, ESR: 2 (3 - 12). WBC: 11.4, Neutrophil: 7.7 March 2023 (early) Ig Screen: [...] Read more

Knee - Stress Fracture

32, Male C/o: B/L Knee pain Works as a builder and a drainage engineer Objective Knees - no swelling Full knee ROM but all movements painful NAD ligament stress tests Intact patellar glides Impression: Patellofemoral pain Review appt Ongoing pain reduced Knee ROM painful with McMurrays Impression: Meniscal problem Referred for MRI MRI showed [...] Read more

Back Pain - Metastatic Disease

44, male C/o: 2 month history of central lower back pain. Insidious onset Worse with lying / night time. Also worse first thing in the morning. Wakes up 2-3 times per night due to pain. Social Office Job Active Life style Enjoys playing sport Ex smoker (stopped 12 years ago) Weekend drinker Past medical history of Crohn's disease No weight loss No [...] Read more

Cauda Equina Syndrome

54 Male presented with 1 week history of low back pain B/L leg pain, worse (L). Reports left leg feels heavy. 7 days ago spoke to GP regarding right leg pain. Reported that the pain had been present for 6 days. GP prescribed codeine 15mg. 3 days later called 111. Was advised to visit A&E. A&E Visit Patient has a history of paranoid [...] Read more

Psoriatic Arthropathy

Female 36 GP letter (March 2015) - presented to GP with 10 week history of painful swelling on right hand, just proximal to MCP joint of index finger on the dorsal aspect. Able to make a full fist. No history of injury. On examination soft tender swelling just lateral to right index finger MCP joint which becomes more prominent when fist is [...] Read more

Foot Pain

78 Female Apr 2017 - an object fell on to the left foot. No pain at the time. Pain in the foot started 3-4 months later. Mar 2018 - GP requested x-ray (L) foot. NAD. Apr 2019 - seen in physiotherapy. Patient reported that pain started after something fell on her left foot. Full ROM. Tender over cuniform, cuboid and navicular. Able to stand on [...] Read more

Intestinal Tumour

38 male History of low back pain - approx 5 years. Feb 2021 - attended GP surgery for back pain + left leg pain. Gave a 2 month history for symptoms. Jumped out of a van which made the symptoms worse. Also reported P+N in the left leg. No B+B issues. Booked for FCP appt next day. Patient DNA. July 2021 - attended A&E for GI, Abdominal pain. [...] Read more

Plasmacytoma | Cases

Retrospective case study 66 Male 1 year history of right thigh pain Attended physiotherapy. Given exercises for tight thigh muscle. No improvement. Consulted GP 10-12 months after physiotherapy as he developed problems with sit to stand. GP requested X-ray pelvis. X-ray report as follows. GP referral for x-ray mentions – “Injury right leg two [...] Read more

Lung Cancer | Pancoast

71 male First appointment 3 Month history of Right rhomboid pain. Aggravated by shoulder movements. Struggles to get to sleep and occasionally wakes up. No P+N or numbness. No dizziness, diplopia, dysarthria, dysphagia, drop attacks, nausea. Exam Slight winging right scapula. Full shoulder ROM Full shoulder strength Provisional Diagnosis [...] Read more

Back Pain | Ankylosing Spondylitis | Cases

26 ♂ Presented to MSK service with back pain. Gave a 7 year history of back pain (started aged 19) Seen previously in MSK service 5 years ago (aged 21). Had an MRI scan which was normal. Has has physiotherapy in the past. Has been regularly having chiropractic treatment. Reports that his back remains arched when he is lying supine (lordosis [...] Read more

Hip Osteonecrosis | Cases

59 ♂ B/L groin pain. 10/10 VAS Initially started on the left side like lateral hip pain. Had 2 steroid injections for lateral hip pain. Uses walking stick. Painful with weight bearing, getting in / out of car. No spinal symptoms. Recent X-ray NAD Exam Antalgic gait Pain deep in groin Hip flexion limited to 90° B/L Minimal internal and external [...] Read more

Knee Synovitis | Cases

87 female , 6 month history of knee pain Difficult weight bearing. Uses 1 walking crutch. Limited flexion and extension ROM due to pain. Swelling present in the whole leg rather than just the knee. Attended A&E twice due to severity of pain. Was given a knee x-ray. X-ray Report Mild degenerative changes noted particularly in relation to the [...] Read more

Mass in Medial Clavicle | Cases

Lump over Medial clavicular region close to SCJ 57 female Reports slow growing lump in chest region for over 5 years. No trauma. Gets some shoulder pain. Has been having osteopathy for shoulder. Full shoulder ROM on examination. Non tender lump. Mild SCJ tenderness. Clinician requested MRI scans. Retrospective and current investigations below. [...] Read more

Monoarthropathy – Knee | Cases

27 female 10 Year history of Knee pain. Used to do running but now doesn’t due to pain. Previous diagnosis – Bakers Cyst which was drained. Examination No effusion Full ROM, no pain with overpressure NAD ligaments NAD meniscal test (McMurrays) Cyst present in Popliteal fossa over gastrocnemius region. Non tender MRI requested to ascertain cause [...] Read more

Bony Mets – No Primary | Cases

Skeletal Metastases of Unknown Primary – SMUP Presentation 64 male, Retired, likes walking. C/o: Right sided lumbosacral pain. No reported P+N or Numbness. Onset – 6 weeks, insidious. Ongoing left knee issue. Patient reports the onset of back pain was gradual. He linked it to the knee pain due to compensatory gait. Pain worse with sustained [...] Read more

Lipoma Arborescens | Cases

(2016) Patient (male) aged 44 attends physical therapy department with right knee pain. He gives a 5 year history of knee pain. He has noticed on and off swelling in the right knee. The clinician notices high BMI. On knee exam, there is slight swelling noticed on the knee. ROM is full with slight tightness at end range flexion and extension. [...] Read more

Undisplaced Fracture – Distal Tibial Metaphysis | Cases

Female, 45. Started running 4 months ago. Gradually building distance. 3 week ago developed significant ankle swelling, pain and difficulty weight bearing after an 8 mile run. No history of injury X-ray – NAD Exam Ankle swollen Tender on palpation over left medial malleolus and along tibial shaft. MRI Coronal Saggital T1 There is an undisplaced [...] Read more

Hip Stress Fracture in a Runner | Cases

19 female, triathlete c/o groin pain. started after a spike in training load over a 2 month period. 60km a week bike, 40-50 km running, 2-3 swims. Exam Antalgic gait Pain with FADIR and IR of hip NAD on X-ray. x-ray MRI MRI – Coronal Views What is the pathophysiology of a stress fracture?

Knee – Bucket Handle Tear & ACL Tear

Case History 32 Year old female Felt a pop in the knee when doing box jumps. Developed knee pain with slow swelling. Improved a couple of weeks later. 5 Months later while doing weighted lunges, knee popped again. Improved again but residual pain persisted. Continued to do cross fit. Referred to MSK Physio by GP. Examination Mild end range flexion [...] Read more