Category: MSK

Red Flags – Shoulder

Infection – suspected joint infection needs same day emergency referral. Unreduced Dislocation – needs same day emergency referral. Suspected Tumour & Malignancy – needs urgent referral...

Joint Injections + Anticoagulants

Joint Injections | Anticoagulants

Arthrocentesis and Joint Injection in Patients Receiving Direct Oral Anticoagulants – Yui et al – Mayo Clinic 2017 DOAC (direct-acting anticoagulants) or NOAC (Novel Oral Anticoagulants)...

Peripheral Nerve Lesions

Causes Trauma – incision (broken glass), fracture, dislocation, gun shot wound, stab wound. Infiltration of nerve by a malignant growth Sometimes, the nerve lesion happens spontaneously....

Jack Test

Foot & Ankle Examination

Observation Footwear – observe for wearing pattern on the shoe. cavus feet – wear pattern on the outer side of the shoe. planovalgus foot – wear...

Lumbar Vertebrae

Lumbar Spine

5 Vertebrae discs sandwiched between bodies act as shock absorbers alignment is straight. by definition if there is a curve 10° or more, then it is...

Phosholipid

Pain, Arachidonic Acid Pathway

How is pain mediated? How does injury cause pain? Injury causes (even a bacterial infection causes an injury to a cell / cell membrane) disruption of...

bateson-plexus

Spinal Tumours

The vertebral column is predisposed to mets because the vertebral trabeculae are highly vascular and its venous drainage is contiguous with that of the thoracic and...